There is no official breakdown of how nationalist and unionist communities voted, but CAIN, the Internet`s archives of conflicts, estimated that the overwhelming majority (up to 97%) Members of Northern Ireland`s predominantly nationalist community voted “yes.” Their estimate of the predominantly Protestant Unionist community for the agreement was between 51 and 53 per cent. The agreement, known as the Good Friday Agreement, included a decentralized government, including the release of prisoners, troop reductions, paramilitary dismantling targets, polling provisions on Irish reunification, civil rights measures and “parity of esteem” for the two communities in Northern Ireland. The agreement should be approved by referendum in Northern Ireland and a separate referendum should be held in the Republic to approve the necessary amendment of Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution. The people of the Republic overwhelmingly supported the agreement, but the campaign in Northern Ireland was more controversial and the result less predictable. The referendums were held on the same day, 22 May 1998. Introduction: A farewell to arms? Beyond the Good Friday Accord – Michael Cox, Adrian Guelke and Fiona Stephen PART ONE. From the “Long War” to the long peace 1. Lives Lost: Sacrifice and Sacrifice in Northern Ireland – Marie Smyth 2. The context of the Irish peace process – Martin Mansergh 3. From War to Restless Peace in Northern Ireland – Carolina Kennedy-Pipe 4. Myths of Conszialism: from Good Friday to political deadlock – Paul Bew PART TWO. The policy of the Good Friday Agreement 5.
Polarization or new moderation? Partisan politics since the Good Friday Agreement – Jon Tonge 6. The 1998 Agreement: Three unionist xieties – Arthur Aughey 7. SDLPs reign with insecurity – Sean Farren 8. Irish Republicanism and Peace Process: From Revolution to Reform – Roger MacGinty 9. Noises off: Loyalists after the deal – Gordon Gillespie PART 3. Agreement at the crossroads 10. A farewell to arms? Decommissioning and peace process – Colin McInnes` 11th? Police and human rights after the Brice Dickson conflict 12. The whole relationship? The British / Irish Council – Stephen Hopkins 13.` A most difficult and unpalatable part – the release of politically motivated violent offenders – Michael von Tangen Page 14. A ceasefire rather than a treaty? The impact of violence on the Irish peace process – John Darby PART FOUR. Civil Society 15th segregation, ethno-sectarianism and the “new” Belfast – Peter Shirlow 16th Constitutional State, civil society and democratic renewal in Northern Ireland – John Morison 17. Two cheers for NGOs: Peace from below in Northern Ireland – Feargal Cochrane 18th Integrated Schools: Myths, Hopes and Perspectives – Fiona Stephen 19 What Happened to Women? Gender and Peace in Northern Ireland – Kate Fearon 20 From `long war` to `war of the lillies`: The territorial compromise `post-conflict` and the return of cultural policy – Cathal McCall PART FIVE.
International 21 From Anglo-Irish Relations to Anglo-Irish Relations – Paul Gillespie 22 Europe and the Europeanisation of the Irish Question – Elizabeth Meehan 23 The new American liaison: President George W.